Types of Head works: Component parts of a diversion headwork, Failure of hydraulic structures founded on permeable foundations, Principles of design, Bligh’s theory, Khosla’s theory for determination of pressure and exit gradient.

Regulation Works: Falls, Classification, Introduction to design principle of falls, Design of Sarda type and straight glacis tall. Principle and design of Distributory head regulatior and cross regulator, canal escape, Bed bars.


Canal head works: Functions, Location, Layout of head works. Weir and Barrage, Canal head Regulator, Introduction to the design principles of Weirs on permeable foundations, Design of vertical drop and sloping glacis weir.

Cross drainage works: Necessity and types. Aqueduct, Siphon Aqueduct, super passage, canal siphon,level crossing, Introduction to design principles of cross drainage works.


Flood routing: Types, methods of reservoir routing, channel routing by Muskingham Method.Investigation and planning of dams and Reservoirs: Zones of storage, Estimation of storage capacity, Reservoir losses, Reservoir sedimentation and its control, life of a reservoir. Dams: classification and selection criteria.

Earth Dams: Classification, causes of failure Phreatic line, and its determination Introduction to stability analysis.


Gravity dams: Forces method of analysis, modes of failure and factor of safety, Elementary profile, stability analysis, galleries, joints, control of cracks,


Spillways: Spillway capacity, types of spillways, Design of ogee spillway, Energy dissipation below spillway, Design criteria for Hydraulic Jump type stilling basins with horizontal and sloping aprons, spillway gates. Hydro-Electric Power: assessment of potential specially in reference to India, classification of power plants, important terms, types of turbines and their suitability. Power House layout and important structures of a powerhouse.