Unit-1   Water supply: Water demands and domestic use, variation in demands; population forecasting by various methods using logistic curve method; basic needs and factors affecting consumption; design period. Sources of water and their characteristics, quality of surface and ground waters; factors governing the selection of a source of water supply; intakes structures and their design, determination of the capacity of impounding reservoir.

 

Unit-2  Transmission of water: Various types of conduits, capacity and sizes including economical sizes of rising main, structural requirements; laying and testing of water supply pipelines; pipe materials, joints, appurtenances and valves; leakages and control.

Storage and distribution of water: Methods of distribution, pressure and gravity distribution systems, Concept of service and balancing reservoirs.

 

Unit-3  Capacity of distribution reservoirs; general design guidelines for distribution system, Hardy – Cross method, equivalent pipe method of pipe network analysis. Plumbing systems in buildings and houses: water connections, different cocks and pipe fittings. Wastewater collection: Systems of sanitation and wastewater collection, estimation of wastewater flows and variations in wastewater flows.

Storm water: Collection and estimation of storm water by different formulae.

Unit-4  Flow in sewers: Flow in full and partially full sewers and design of sewers; types of sewers, materials and construction of sewers, joints and sewer appurtenances, layout and construction of sewer lines, small bore sewer systems, Planning of sewerage systems.Air Pollution: Definition, Sources, Classification of air Pollutants, National

Air Pollution: Definition, Sources, Classification of air Pollutants, National ambient, air quality standards, Lapse rate, Inversion, Plume behaviour, Acid rain, Vehicular emission and its standards.

 

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